Vascular occlusion and vascular stenosis, which are commonly seen in later ages, but one of the most common conditions, have become one of the biggest problems for heart health. For this reason, in the case in question, vascular dilation can be performed without surgical intervention. This procedure is called Angioplasty procedure. This procedure is a less risky vascular dilation procedure with fewer side effects. Although there are other procedures to get a clearer result, most of the patients who undergo a vascular stenosis did not experience stenosis again. These frequently preferred methods can be an effective tool for your problems. By placing a stent, the vessel expands and blood flow is provided efficiently.
What Is Angioplasty For?
Patients who are faced with the problem of vascular occlusion and stenosis usually have Angioplasty to expand the problematic area. For this reason, an area of sufficient width is opened in the vein in question with the help of a balloon. As a result of these processes, blood flow from this area flows in a better and more efficient way. If you have a stenosis and an occlusion as such, and you have gone to the doctor with the symptoms similar to this, he or she will probably recommend to do a such procedure. This procedure, which is performed without surgical intervention, is more suitable in terms of risk compared to other such procedures.
How Is Angioplasty Performed?
For many people who are afraid of the risk of surgery or having a surgery in general, non-surgical options are a better choice. It is the procedure of opening and expanding the vascular occlusion without any surgical intervention. With these methods, you can get the best treatment result you want in a healthy way. Angioplasty is a method of intervening occluded vessels with the help of a stent without the need for a surgical intervention. For this reason, less risky and less problematic areas are stimulated and the process goes smoothly. In particular, the balloon, which keeps the vein in the region constantly open, is inflated in the vein. If complications have developed, the stent is placed at the level of occlusion.
In cases of serious occlusions in the heart vessels and problems related to vascular stenosis, usually, the method called by-pass is applied. However, Angioplasty, which is a more risk-free and more practical method, has become widespread in order to prevent the increasing problem of vascular occlusion. Thanks to this method, the existing occlusion can be prevented with a smaller procedure. For this reason, this method is often preferred. Doctors and especially the physicians who treat the patient in this area may choose Angioplasty as the appropriate method. If the patient has an efficient process, he or she may return home after staying in the hospital for 1 day at the end of the surgery.
How Serious Is Angioplasty?
It is risky to have a blood flow failure and vascular occlusion, which is a serious condition that is usually seen in the elderly. Angioplasty has been developed for this situation and enables the vessel to be functional in a healthy way. In general, it is the technique of expanding the clogged and dysfunctional vessel. In this case, a better blood pressure is provided in the blood vessels. In some cases, a stent may be required to keep the vein open. Therefore, in this case, a mechanical support is required after scratching the inner part of the vessel surface with the help of stents. The risk minimizes if this occlusion is noticed early and is treated.
How Long Does It Take to Recover from Angioplasty?
This treatment, which has a rare risk, is usually carried out contently by medical doctors and their patients. With this method, in general, no risks are encountered after the procedure, and the patient is usually discharged from the hospital 1 day after the procedure. There is a low probability of reoccurrence of the vascular occlusion and vascular stenosis. This short process is a less risky treatment compared to by-pass. Soluble stents have been produced to prevent health problems and to provide a smoother procedure, but they are not often preferred. Instead, this method, which is less risky, can be preferred.
If you are experiencing a process regarding an angioplasty stent procedure, you may be expecting that there would be certain complications. As in any surgery, there is a possiblity to experience some technical difficulties in this procedure. There may be some technical difficulties in the process of vascular occlusion and vascular stenosis in question. Clotting in the vein or vascular occlusion may occur during the procedure. Although there are few risky situations, there may be some situations causing huge problems. The formation of partial paralysis during the procedure can be given as an example. Surgical intervention may be required as a result of such complications. It is more appropriate if the doctors who have the required equipment and knowledge on this process perform the procedure, which is considered to be risk-free.
What Are The Required Procedures After Angioplasty (Stenting)?
Sand bags will be placed in the area where the procedure is performed to stop bleeding. It is forbidden to eat for about four hours after the procedure until claimed otherwise. And within these four hours, the patient will be put to bed, and will not get up unless it is considered necessary. It is recommended to hydrate due to some of the side effects in question, and the patient who is in the hospital and under supervision should take care of himself or herself due to these side effects. The patient should act under the control of the doctor and should rest by paying attention to these instructions as long as the doctor does not consider it necessary.
What are the Required Procedures Before Angioplasty (Stenting)?
The patient must have an empty stomach for at least 8 hours especially before the procedure is performed. Tests for checking blood values and clotting values should be done. If the desired conditions are not provided especially as a result of these tests, drug therapy or an additional intervention may be prescribed for these conditions. In order to prevent the use of anticoagulant drugs, these drugs should be discontinued. Regularly used heart and blood pressure medications should be continued to be used. Those with diabetes should not take the medicines they take as sugar reducers since they have an empty stomach. Some tests should be done, as it may cause kidney damage due to the use of a contrast material. All medicines used should be reported to the doctor, and medicines should be used as prescribed by the doctor.
What is Angioplasty?
Angioplasty is the technique of mechanically expanding arteries that are usually narrowed or blocked as a result of atherosclerosis. It is a method of opening vessels by dilating blocked or narrowed vessels with balloon catheters (angioplasty) and placing a special prosthesis, i.e. a stent, in the vein without the need for surgery. If the vessels are blocked or narrowed, a treatment method called angioplasty shall be applied.
Why is Angioplasty Performed?
This is a treatment that is used if the arteries are blocked or narrowed. The most common disease that causes blockage is atherosclerosis, which is the stiffness of the arteries (arteriosclerosis). In this disease, the fat deposits called plaque form on the inside of the vessel. When the structural features of the inner wall of the arteries are impaired, the vessel stiffens, the vessel thickens, the fat accumulates and the plaque forms cause the vessel to narrow.
Plaque blocks the flow of blood and prevents the heart muscle from becoming oxygenated. Thus, chest pain occurs when the heart tissue can not be properly fed with oxygen-rich blood. This can cause a heart attack. In addition, blockages in the arteries prevent the transmission of sufficient oxygen and nutrients to the organs. Angioplasty is performed if the coronary artery is blocked, if there is a problem in the heart valve, or if there are problems in the aorta, the main artery of the heart. In addition to these, in cases of impaired or lost function of the heart muscle, this treatment method is also applied.
How is Angioplasty Performed?
Angiography is performed first. Angioplasty is placed on a blocked or narrowed vein. The blocked vein is opened by inflating the balloon with the assistance of water. An empty and deflated balloon, known as a catheter, is placed in a narrowed or blocked vein with a guide wire and inflated to a fixed size using a water pressure that is 500 times higher than normal blood pressure. If the desired opening has not occurred or if some complications have occurred in the vein during the expansion process, the stent that allows the vessel to remain open throughout the procedure will be placed in the blocked region. If there is no problem, the balloon causes the inside layer of the plaque of the clot and the surrounding muscles to expand. This allows a better flow of blood to the blood vessel. Then the balloon is deflated and removed. In some cases, a stent may be placed in order to ensure that the vessel remains open at all times.