What is the Success Rate for Kidney Transplant?
Transplantation surgeries have been performed very successfully in recent years. When it comes to kidney transplantation or liver transplantation, the most successful countries are ranked in European standards. The known success rate for living donor kidney transplantation is in the range of 93-98%. The high success rates have made kidney transplant surgery the golden standard treatment. Kidney transplant surgery is also a treatment method. For this reason, it should not be forgotten that it is not a treatment that promises 100% success.
Does Kidney Transplant Shorten Your Life?
It is inevitable for patients with kidney failure to undergo dialysis. The life expectancy for patients under the age of 40 on dialysis is 10-15 years. Patients over the age of 40 are on average of 5-10 years. It ensures that the life expectancy of kidney transplant patients is close to normal. Organ transplants doubles the lifetime. Dialysis procedure is devastating for patients and negatively affects the quality of life of patients. On the other hand, kidney transplant surgery improves both the health and the quality of life of the patients.
Donor Kidney Problems
Generally, the problem encountered in kidney transplantation procedures, the first problem that stand out as donor kidney problems are that it is difficult to find living donors and cadavers for kidney transplantation. In general, the desired ideal level in organ donation has not been achieved. The most common operations in kidney transplant surgeries are those performed by taking from a living donor. In order for kidney transplantation to be performed, it is necessary to take kidney from alive or dead. Results from a living donor are always better in kidney transplants. If there are living donor candidates for kidney transplant surgery, donor candidates are also examined before kidney transplant surgery. Details such as diabetes, hypertension and infection are examined in the donor candidate. Tissue compatibility between the recipient and the donor is evaluated and compared in terms of immunology. If the results of these comparisons are positive and compatible, then the organ transplant council decides on the kidney transplant surgery. Although everything is ideal, sometimes the body can reject the transplanted kidney. This situation can even happen years later. In such case, kidney transplantation may be required one more time.
How Many Years Can A Person Live After Kidney Transplant?
The life span of a patient who started dialysis due to kidney failure is approximately 10 years. A person who has a kidney transplant has a 1.5% chance of death after 1 year. The average lifespan of kidney patients in the 20-24 age group is up to 35 years after kidney transplantation. If a serious problem occurs during the follow-up periods after kidney transplantation, the patient should apply to the center where the kidney transplant is performed.
How Many Kidney Transplants Can a Person Have?
If the transplanted kidney causes discomfort again or the body does not accept the kidney, that is, if the kidney refuses, the kidney transplant can be repeated after the necessary examinations are done in detail. Rejection crises that occur in kidney transplants can be prevented with early interventions. After years, chronic rejection may occur and although all treatments are applied, the kidney mey lose its functions after a while. Symptoms are similar to those of the first kidney disease. The patient mandatorily returns to the hemodialysis program. Therefore, the second kidney transplant is prepared.
How Many Hours Does Kidney Transplant Surgery Last?
Kidney transplant surgeries take approximately 2-4 hours when performed under appropriate conditions. However, it should be kept in mind that every surgery has some risks. For this reason, kidney transplant surgeries also carry risks. However, thanks to new technological developments and methods, these risks have been greatly reduced. Complication incidance rate during the operation is less than 1%. Post-operative hospital stay is 1 week under conditions where everything is going smoothly and developing normally. However, it should not be ignored that this period may be longer. In kidney transplant operations, the fact that the kidney is taken from a living or cadaver does not change the technique of the surgery. The only difference between kidney transplant surgeries performed from a living donor is that they can be planned in advance. In this type of surgery, the donor and the recipient are operated simultaneously. Since it is not clear when the organ will be found in transplants from cadavers, it is not possible to plan a kidney transplant surgery beforehand. Therefore, it is of great importance to be an organ donor. In recent years, kidney transplant surgery is preferred in more patients before starting dialysis treatment. However, this type of transplant surgery is applied to a limited number of patients.
How Many Kidney Transplants Are There in 2020?
It is a known fact that it is difficult to find organ donors, and naturally, organ transplant surgeries performed in the world countries are not at the expected level. Despite this situation, the most common organ transplantation is kidney transplant operations. The statistical study conducted was taken from the data of the Blood, Organ and Tissue Transplantation Services Department. Today, the most successful treatment method of end-stage renal failure is kidney transplantation. It is a kidney transplant treatment that ensures a long and healthy life. Kidney transplantation is performed from cadaver or living donors.
Organ Donation Statistics
We have stated that kidney transplant surgeries take first place when it comes to organ transplants. As of 2020, the datas shows that 2 thousand 232 patients are waiting for liver transplantation. In 2019, 1776 people had liver transplantation. In the first days of 2020, 34 people returned to life in a healthy way with liver transplantation. Heart transplant rates are low, as it is harder to find a heart for transplantation. Despite the difficulty of the situation, there is good news from the world about kidney transplantation procedures with the developing technology. With the increase in success rates, it can be said that there is hope for the patients. You can follow the success rates by taking 2020 statistics into account.
The organs that are less transplanted in transplantation procedures are listed as lung, pancreas and small intestine. 33 lung transplants and 3 pancreas transplants are operated in 2019. Currently 89 patients continue to be on hold for lung transplantation, 295 patients for pancreas and 1 patient for small intestine transplantation.
Where Kidney Transplantitons Takes Place
Kidney transplant operations are performed in fully equipped and full-fledged hospitals with organ transplant departments and university hospitals. In the meantime, it is also important to have a technological infrastructure and an experienced staff. Thus, the patient and organ survival rate is high. The success rate of organ transplants is high in adult and pediatric patients. Organ transplants are the procedures that bring people back to health and life. Being an organ donor is of great importance in this sense. It is difficult enough to find the proper organ for organ transplants. In addition, the inadequacy of the number of organ donors makes the situation even more difficult.
Dialysis and Kidney Transplant
Urine and blood purification does not happen when a person has kidney failure. For this reason, the harmful substance and urine formed in the body must be removed. Machines are used for this to happen. This process is called dialysis.
Kidney transplant is a dream that every dialysis patient hopes one day will come true. When kidney failure enters its final stage, treatment will be required to replace the sick kidney with a healthy kidney. Kidney transplant produces a complete well-being in kidney functions compared to dialysis treatment. In order for kidney transplantation to be performed, it is necessary to take kidney from living or dead. Results from a living donor are always better in kidney transplants. If there are living donor candidates for kidney transplant surgery, the donor candidates are examined separately before surgery. Details such as diabetes, hypertension and infection are examined in the donor candidate. Tissue compatibility between the recipient and the donor is evaluated and compared in terms of immunology.
What Are Both Positive and Negative Aspects of Dialysis?
Dialysis is indispensable for kidney failure patients until kidney transplant surgery. Let’s look at the advantages and disadvantages of dialysis together.
Advantages of Dialysis
- The burden of self-care of patients has been reduced as the treatment is carried out by trained nurses and technicians. Hemodialysis is more comfortable and less stressful than peritoneal dialysis for some patients.
- Hemodialysis is faster and more efficient as it is taken into account per unit of time.
- Hemodialysis centers provide the opportunity to meet and communicate with other patients who share the same problem. This can prevent them from getting depressed.
- Hemodialysis is generally done 3 days a week for four hours. Therefore, patients can enjoy their free time between treatments.
- They are protected from peritonitis risk and exit site infections.
Disadvantages of Dialysis
- Waste of time for regular visits if the center is far from home
- Due to the regular schedule, the patient should plan his/her life according to the schedule.
- Needle entry and holes can cause pain.
- Attention should be paid to reducing fluid, salt, potassium and phosphorus intake in the diet.
- There is a risk of being infected with transmitted diseases such as Hepatitis B and C.
Can Organ Transplantation Be Performed To Everyone?
Organ transplant, especially kidney transplant, can be performed to anyone. Organ transplantation is not performed only for those with heart disease and who are cancer patients that cannot bear the risk of surgery. Transplantation cannot be made to HIV-positive people, patients with active infections. In addition, it is not suitable for those with severe psychological disorders. It should not be forgotten that there is always a recepient waiting for any organ.
How Long Does a Kidney-Transplantation Take? Kidney transplantation surgery is performed after all preparations and the necessary examinations have been carried out, after the appropriate day and time has been determined. The kidney transplantation procedure is performed approximately 18 hours after the patient’s turn. The prescribed time for kidney transplantation is approximately 2 to 4 hours on average. The operation is not expected to last longer unless there is an unusual situation and complications.
Stages of Kidney Transplantation
Kidney transplantation surgery is an operation performed by reaching the inguinal region outside the abdominal membrane. The kidney to be transplanted can be taken from both dead and living individuals. In order for a kidney transplant to be performed from an individual to another individual, it must first be determined whether or not the tissue is compatible. The transplantation of kidneys which do not have tissue compatibility can not be performed. The procedure is not applied to the kidney during the transplantation process, which is usually dysfunctional and is not removed from the body. The new kidney is placed through the veins around the inguinal region.
The Process After Kidney Transplantation
- Patients are hospitalized for approximately 1 week and 10 days after transplantation, varying as the case may be, and kept under the supervision of the doctor.
- After discharge from the hospital, the patient shall be checked according to a plan determined by the doctor. While these checks occur very often at first, they decrease over time depending on the recovery status of the patient.
- There is a sensitivity to infection and microbes in individuals following the procedure. For this reason, experts forbid the presence of patients in crowded environments and contact with animals after transplantation for a period of time.
- Since there is no bowel-related condition during this procedure, patients can return to routine nutrition patterns after the procedure.
- After a kidney transplant, patients should consume at least 2 or 3 liters of water per day and urinate at the appropriate level daily in order to achieve the standard functions of the transplanted kidney.
- In some cases, side effects may occur after the procedure. Some of these possible side effects include vomiting, diarrhea, fever, high or low blood pressure, shortness of breath, bloating caused by edema in the feet and wrists, and burning or inability to urinate while urinating.