What is the Success Rate for Kidney Transplant?
Transplantation surgeries have been performed very successfully in recent years. When it comes to kidney transplantation or liver transplantation, the most successful countries are ranked in European standards. The known success rate for living donor kidney transplantation is in the range of 93-98%. The high success rates have made kidney transplant surgery the golden standard treatment. Kidney transplant surgery is also a treatment method. For this reason, it should not be forgotten that it is not a treatment that promises 100% success.
Does Kidney Transplant Shorten Your Life?
It is inevitable for patients with kidney failure to undergo dialysis. The life expectancy for patients under the age of 40 on dialysis is 10-15 years. Patients over the age of 40 are on average of 5-10 years. It ensures that the life expectancy of kidney transplant patients is close to normal. Organ transplants doubles the lifetime. Dialysis procedure is devastating for patients and negatively affects the quality of life of patients. On the other hand, kidney transplant surgery improves both the health and the quality of life of the patients.
Donor Kidney Problems
Generally, the problem encountered in kidney transplantation procedures, the first problem that stand out as donor kidney problems are that it is difficult to find living donors and cadavers for kidney transplantation. In general, the desired ideal level in organ donation has not been achieved. The most common operations in kidney transplant surgeries are those performed by taking from a living donor. In order for kidney transplantation to be performed, it is necessary to take kidney from alive or dead. Results from a living donor are always better in kidney transplants. If there are living donor candidates for kidney transplant surgery, donor candidates are also examined before kidney transplant surgery. Details such as diabetes, hypertension and infection are examined in the donor candidate. Tissue compatibility between the recipient and the donor is evaluated and compared in terms of immunology. If the results of these comparisons are positive and compatible, then the organ transplant council decides on the kidney transplant surgery. Although everything is ideal, sometimes the body can reject the transplanted kidney. This situation can even happen years later. In such case, kidney transplantation may be required one more time.
How Many Kidney Transplants Are There in 2020?
It is a known fact that it is difficult to find organ donors, and naturally, organ transplant surgeries performed in the world countries are not at the expected level. Despite this situation, the most common organ transplantation is kidney transplant operations. The statistical study conducted was taken from the data of the Blood, Organ and Tissue Transplantation Services Department. Today, the most successful treatment method of end-stage renal failure is kidney transplantation. It is a kidney transplant treatment that ensures a long and healthy life. Kidney transplantation is performed from cadaver or living donors.
Organ Donation Statistics
We have stated that kidney transplant surgeries take first place when it comes to organ transplants. As of 2020, the datas shows that 2 thousand 232 patients are waiting for liver transplantation. In 2019, 1776 people had liver transplantation. In the first days of 2020, 34 people returned to life in a healthy way with liver transplantation. Heart transplant rates are low, as it is harder to find a heart for transplantation. Despite the difficulty of the situation, there is good news from the world about kidney transplantation procedures with the developing technology. With the increase in success rates, it can be said that there is hope for the patients. You can follow the success rates by taking 2020 statistics into account.
The organs that are less transplanted in transplantation procedures are listed as lung, pancreas and small intestine. 33 lung transplants and 3 pancreas transplants are operated in 2019. Currently 89 patients continue to be on hold for lung transplantation, 295 patients for pancreas and 1 patient for small intestine transplantation.
Where Kidney Transplantitons Takes Place
Kidney transplant operations are performed in fully equipped and full-fledged hospitals with organ transplant departments and university hospitals. In the meantime, it is also important to have a technological infrastructure and an experienced staff. Thus, the patient and organ survival rate is high. The success rate of organ transplants is high in adult and pediatric patients. Organ transplants are the procedures that bring people back to health and life. Being an organ donor is of great importance in this sense. It is difficult enough to find the proper organ for organ transplants. In addition, the inadequacy of the number of organ donors makes the situation even more difficult.
How Long Does a Kidney-Transplantation Take? Kidney transplantation surgery is performed after all preparations and the necessary examinations have been carried out, after the appropriate day and time has been determined. The kidney transplantation procedure is performed approximately 18 hours after the patient’s turn. The prescribed time for kidney transplantation is approximately 2 to 4 hours on average. The operation is not expected to last longer unless there is an unusual situation and complications.
Stages of Kidney Transplantation
Kidney transplantation surgery is an operation performed by reaching the inguinal region outside the abdominal membrane. The kidney to be transplanted can be taken from both dead and living individuals. In order for a kidney transplant to be performed from an individual to another individual, it must first be determined whether or not the tissue is compatible. The transplantation of kidneys which do not have tissue compatibility can not be performed. The procedure is not applied to the kidney during the transplantation process, which is usually dysfunctional and is not removed from the body. The new kidney is placed through the veins around the inguinal region.
The Process After Kidney Transplantation
- Patients are hospitalized for approximately 1 week and 10 days after transplantation, varying as the case may be, and kept under the supervision of the doctor.
- After discharge from the hospital, the patient shall be checked according to a plan determined by the doctor. While these checks occur very often at first, they decrease over time depending on the recovery status of the patient.
- There is a sensitivity to infection and microbes in individuals following the procedure. For this reason, experts forbid the presence of patients in crowded environments and contact with animals after transplantation for a period of time.
- Since there is no bowel-related condition during this procedure, patients can return to routine nutrition patterns after the procedure.
- After a kidney transplant, patients should consume at least 2 or 3 liters of water per day and urinate at the appropriate level daily in order to achieve the standard functions of the transplanted kidney.
- In some cases, side effects may occur after the procedure. Some of these possible side effects include vomiting, diarrhea, fever, high or low blood pressure, shortness of breath, bloating caused by edema in the feet and wrists, and burning or inability to urinate while urinating.